LEGIO IX HISPANA PDF

IX Hispana (The “Spanish Legion”) – was one of the oldest and most feared units in the Roman army. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, it fought victorious campaigns. The most common theory is that it was defeated and destroyed while fighting an uprising in England, however the fate of the Ninth remains the subject of. ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? Legio nona Hispana; the Spanish Ninth Legion, is a legion of the Imperial Roman army – existing since the late Roman Republic.

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It probably wasn’t simply one thing or another. With such a mythology evolved around the Ninth’s disappearance it’s difficult to separate fact from fiction. This proves that it was still in existence during the reign of Hadrian.

The nickname Hispana “stationed in Hispania” is first found during the reign of Augustus and probably originated at that time.

The Legion was disbanded for a while after Caesars African campaign, but was revived and remained with Emperor Octavian, staying in service from the campaign against the Cantabrians BEthrough the Roman Invasion of Britain.

Just pointing out Varus commanded in Teutoberger. Tacitus, HIST It is possible that subunits were transferred to the Rhine in 20 BCE and were active during Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa ‘s invasion of Germania in the following year, but there are many uncertainties. Because Caesar suspected he would be prosecuted and rendered politically marginal if he returned to Rome without consular immunity or his army, he did not comply with the Senate’s demands; which prompted Pompey to accuse him of insubordination and treason and the Senate to call for his arrest.

Actually, both are correct. Russell argues that “by far the most plausible answer to the question ‘what happened to the Ninth’ is that they fought and died in Britain, disappearing in the late s or early s when the province was in disarray”.

The historian Tacitus describes the fall of Camulodunum:. Several inscriptions attesting IX Hispana have been found in the site of the legionary fortress on the lower Rhine river at Noviomagus Batavorum NijmegenNetherlands.

Un-warlike and unarmed, they would break immediately, when, taught by so many defeats, they recognized once more the steel and the valor of hispsna conquerors. It seems that the Queen had been pro-Roman since they had been invaded, although her husband Venutius seemed more cautious about the Romans. They promptly laid claim to Prasutagus’ property and possessions and demanded the Roman army enforce the law. They knew that in the end, what won battles wasn’t the weight lfgio numbers, nor the chaotic onrush of vainglorious painted warriors, but years of weapons training, strict formation, and iron discipline.

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Legio VIIII Hispana

In 52 BC, at the First Triumvirate’s end, the Roman Senate supported Pompey as sole consul; meanwhile, Caesar had become a military hero and champion of the people. Quite apart from it simply being unlikely that a disciplined, refined military system would succumb to a poorly equipped barbarian force of the same type they’ve fought all over Europe without the insider knowledge that Arminius had attacking the legions in Teutoberg Forest, if something of that scale happened I find it unlikely that there wouldn’t be evidence of it.

At the time of the rebellion, the majority of the Roman army in Britain was away on campaign in Wales, under the command of Governor Gaius Suetonius Paullinus, against a Druid stronghold of resistance on the island of Mona Anglesey.

The heroism and sacrifice of the Ninth was not in vain, however, because the delay of Boudicca’s army allowed enough time for Governor Suetonius to gather his forces for a unified defense. After Caesar’s assassination in 44 BC, the Legion was recalled in 41 BC by his adopted son Octavian, who needed the Legion to put an end to Sextus Pompeius’ occupation of Sicily that threatened the grain supply of Rome.

In stature she was very tall, in appearance most terrifying, in the glance of her eye most fierce, and her voice was harsh; a great mass of the tawniest hair fell to her hips; around her neck was a large golden necklace; and she wore a tunic of divers colors over which a thick mantle was fastened with a brooch. Prior to this the two strongest possibilities for the unit’s bases was Longthorpe in Cambridgeshire near modern-day Peterborough and the second at Newton-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire.

The real explanation of the “lost legion” may very likely be much less simpler and mundane than “the myth” – in reality, the unit may have simply been disbanded, as it had been several times before, continued to serve elsewhere, or finally destroyed at another battle some years later.

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During the civil war against Caesar’s fellow- triumvir and rival Pompey, it fought in Hispania in the battle of Ilerda Summer legip ; later, the soldiers were transferred to Placentia in northern Italy, where they briefly revolted.

Since the legion was based around the edge of Brigantia, they were probably expecting trouble. Therefore, Cerialis would only have had immediate access to approximately a third of his Legion, or about 3, men. I think it’s strange, though, that lehio can’t seem to find rumor at all about the location of say, their graves or final battles. An inscription referring to a Ninth Legion surnamed Triumphalis may prove that the legion was refounded earlier and also fought in the hlspana of Philippi in The next problem Legio IX was probably forced hispanx deal with was the feud in Brigantia between Cartimandua and her ex-husband Venutius.

Campbell, “The Fate of the Ninth: Following Caesar’s assassination, Caesar’s ally Ventidius Bassus made attempts to recreate the 7th, 8th and 9th legions, but “it is not clear that any of these survived even to the time of Philippi”. After the defeat of Venutius it is likely that Legio IX was used to continue to try and pacify the Brigantes.

Boudicca had raised the banner of revolt in Norfolk and tens of thousands by now an estimatedhispanna joined her.

The Roman Ninth Legion’s mysterious loss – BBC News

Last visit was October 14, Tiles have been found stamped with either designation, indicating the Legion was identified either way. Ux, while their foes were still advancing against them at a walk, the Romans rushed forward at a signal and charged them at full speed, and when the clash came, easily broke through the opposing ranks; but, as they were surrounded by the great numbers of the enemy, they had to be fighting everywhere at once.

Under the new governor, Julius Frontinus ADthe legion embarked on the consolidation of the newly conquered territory and would have started building a new permanent base at York, which could house the whole legion in comfort. But finally, late in the day, the Romans prevailed