Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
A Revised and Updated Edition. Some boundaries will be more difficult to cross because they entail characteristics that typically do not change within a generation. Stavenhxgen in a separate window.
Only one child from each mother and each father chosen at random is included in the models for mothers and fathers respectively in order to avoid overweighing population groups with higher fertility rates, and to lx the independence of cases in the regression models.
Etnicidad y Clase Media. Ethnic Classification in Mexico: Politics and the Resurgence of Identity. Provide feedback about this page. Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Research in other national contexts such as Brazil suggests that affirmative action policies recently implemented by the state create an incentive for individuals to identify as members of disadvantaged racial groups.
Footnotes 1 Programs sponsored by government stavenbagen in charge of indigenous affairs are often focused on matters such as the respect of human rights and the preservation cuestioh indigenous languages and cultures CDI ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. The results of the statistical analysis indicate a much larger loss of indigenous identification when language proficiency is used as a criterion for indigenous classification than when proxy self-identification is used.
Low to High Price: Cambridge University Press; Race and Multiraciality in Brazil and the United States. This explanation resembles one of many given for the resurgence in Native American identification in the U. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar as an individual who does not speak an indigenous language simply cannot be considered indigenous.
As demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, estimates of the educational disadvantage of indigenous children are lower when proxy self-identification is used, which may be due precisely to the fact that greater ethnic pride leads more educated parents to identify their children as indigenous. In such studies the racial and ethnic categories into which individuals are classified are assumed to be relatively well-defined and stable over time.
Due to the subjective nature of judgments about physical appearance, these racial categories are characterized by a high degree of ambiguity. American Political Science Review. I will also compare the extent to which each classification system leads to a shift away from the indigenous category for satvenhagen of parents with higher educational attainment.
Samples are restricted to cases where the mother or father is the census informant. Indigenism, Mestizaje, and National Identity in Mexico during the s and the s. La Pluralidad en Peligro. Just as in the Mexican case, the increase in Native American self-identification with education was highest in urban areas.
Percent classified as indigenous based on language proficiency and proxy self-identification by age group. Moreover, by comparing models using language proficiency and proxy self-identification as oa for indigenous classification, I am able to assess whether the shift in indigenous identification is more pronounced with one classification system than another.
In their classic study of ethnic relations in Southeastern Mexico, Colby and van den Berghe Instead of simply asking whether a household resident was indigenous, the census specifically asked whether the household member considered him or herself to be indigenous. Political and Legal Anthropology Review. The ability to identify their own ethnicity is in fact considered a fundamental right of indigenous stxvenhagen worldwide according to international legislation ILO A social boundary may be broadly defined as any categorical distinction recognized by members of a society that affect their attitudes and behavior towards others Alba and Nee Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go.
Stevens argues that intergenerational language shift in the U. Following critics who charged that language proficiency was an overly restrictive and externally-imposed criterion for indigenous identification e.
Four population sizes are distinguished: However, the relevant coefficients are statistically significant in the same direction. The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban settings.
However, just as with skin color classification in Afro-Latin American countries, movement across the social boundary separating indigenous and non-indigenous peoples is quite common, and may in turn affect our estimates of social disparities.
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
Being a Tzotzil or Mixteco therefore means being indigenous for the rest of Mexican society. Finally, I assess the impact that the shift in indigenous identification with greater parental education has on estimates of the educational disadvantage of indigenous children according to both classification systems.
On the other hand, individuals may be less likely to shed their identification with a close-knit ethnic group with which they share a strong sense of belonging, the same language and customs even when they have attained a higher socioeconomic stavenhgaen. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Some boundaries are unambiguous, such that everyone knows stavenhagej which side of the boundary they are located.
Speaks an indigenous language. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Latinos and the Economy: