Sayyid Muhammad ibn Safdar Husayni, known as Sayyid Jamal-al-din Afghani or Sayyid Jamal –al-din Asadabadi was born in in Iran. Other primary documentation is found in N. R. Keddie, Sayyid Jamal ad-Din “al- Afghani”: A Political Biography, Berkeley, ) Life. Jamāl-al-dīn was born in. Sayyid Jamal al-Din Asadabadi () became renowned as “al-Afghani.” Born into a Turkic-speaking Shi`ite family in a small Azeri town near Hamadan.

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In Januaryal-Afghani and his network published an especially inflammatory pamphlet attacking the Shah and the tobacco concession that he had granted to the British.

Jamal al Din al Afghani

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. Views View Edit History. Encyclopedia of the Middle East Jamal al Din al Afghani Middle East news peacewatch books history maps documents culture encyclopedia web log dialog links donations. Browne in The Persian Revolution of l [Cambridge, ].

Perhaps he believed that Abdulaziz, the Ottoman sultan was the hoped for “perfect man. The CH should be pronounced like Loch, a more assertive consonant than ‘het. This makes it more difficult to understand the “real” basis of his philosophy. His ideas gained rise when Islam started to disintegrate in Al-Afghani led a brief but very active life.


jamwluddin He then left India, and spent a short time in Egypt before arriving in Paris in He further maintains that the greatness of the major nations of the world has always been entailed by their cultivation of these traits.

He was confident that the Muslim world would be freed through modernism. Upon the death of Dost Muhammad died inafgjani three sons fought among themselves for the rulership. His father Syed Safdar had a wide command on many subjects.

Al-Afghani wrote a famous letter to the influential holy man Hajj Mirza Hasan Sirazi against the tobacco concession, and Sirazi eventually called for a boycott of tobacco. The Iranian government tried in vain to get al-Afghani extradited.

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Encyclopedia of Islam, Brill, 2nd ed. In London and Paris al-Afghani wrote newspaper articles, mainly against the British occupation of Egypt.

Keddie, Ibrahim Kalin However, he did not encourage Mohammad Azam to any reformist ideologies that later were attributed to Al-Afghani.

The concise version of this dictionary is at our Middle East Glossary. There he was soon forgotten until a newspaper article drew attention to him as a native jamalhddin.

In he published a collection of polemics titled Al-Radd ‘ala al-Dahriyyi Refutation of the Materialistsagitating for pan-Islamic unity against Western ao. When the flame of independence was spread in India he was in Makah, performing the pilgrimage. Initiates of Theosophical Masters.


Jamal al-Din al-Afghani

He usually traveled with his Iranian passport. Afghani on his way to Istanbul also stayed in Egypt; here he established his contact with the students of Al-Azhar University, especially with Muhammad Abduh, who afterwards proved his right hand in spreading his political insight.

ConstantinopleOttoman Empire. Likewise the ancient Persians, a very noble people, began with the rise of Mazdaism the same downward journey as the Greeks, which resulted in their moral erosion.

AFḠĀNĪ, JAMĀL-AL-DĪN – Encyclopaedia Iranica

He gained a mass following through jamaljddin speeches directed against the growing financial and political power of the British and French in Egypt. The only hint of a woman in his life comes from the European period. He then went on to Basra from where he organized a revolt. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.

Persian demanded him, but Sultan refused to surrendered Afghani. Blunt tried to convince the British government that Afghani would be useful to them in their dispute with the Sudanese Mahdi, but the British government were not interested.