Irenaean theodicy is ‘soul making’. His theodicy is more concerned with the development of humanity. Irenaeus distinguished between the ‘image’ and the. (25 Marks) The Irenaeus Theodicy, often called Soul Making, is a counterpart to Augustine’s Theodicy, yet it is also and opposing argument. Irenaeus’ theodicy is . A MODERN IRENAEAN THEODICY -. PROFESSOR HICK ON EVIL. Brian A. Davies. In attempting to deal with the traditional problem of evil. Christian.

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Most versions of the Irenaean theodicy propose that creation is incomplete, as humans are not yet fully developed, and experiencing evil and suffering is necessary for such development. This is a choice made after struggle and experience, as we choose God rather than our baser instinct. Numerous variations of theodicy have been proposed which all maintain that, while evil exists, God is either not responsible for creating evil, or he is not guilty for creating evil.

Scott argues that significant aspects of Origen’s irenasan mean that there is a stronger continuation between it and Hick’s theodicy.

Knowledge of these consequences must be based on experience—Swinburne rejected the idea that God could implant such knowledge, arguing that humans would question its reliability. Evil does not have to ireaean in order for good to exist. The Irenaean theodicy is a Christian theodicy a response to the problem of evil.

Neither of these instances of suffering serve any useful purpose, as they cannot lead to moral development. He believed that, in order to achieve moral perfection, humans must be given free choice, with the actual irenawan of choosing to do evil.

There is no moral dimension to this. Humans are imperfect because the second stage is incomplete, entailing the potential, not yet actualised, for humans to reach perfection.

Irenaean theodicy – Wikipedia

The development of process theology has presented a challenge to the Irenaean theodicy. To summarise Irenaeus’ Theodicy: Retrieved 6 September Phillips and Fyodor Dostoyevsky challenged the instrumental use of suffering, suggesting that love cannot be expressed through suffering.

Surely there are more humane waays about allowing people to develop in the likeness of God? Theodiy achieve this likeness of God, humans must be refined and developed.

Disadvantages Eschatological justification requires a belief in life after death Some people suffer considerably more than others, why has God singled them out? God foretold that this fall would happen and therefore sent his son, Jesus Christ, so that humanity may be reconciled with God. The development of process theology has challenged the Irenaean tradition by teaching that God’s power is limited and that he cannot be responsible for evil. Unlike Augustine, who claimed that humanity destroyed a perfect world, Hick and Irenaeus say that the perfect world is one to look forward to.


The value Hick placed on free will was the result of his belief that it is necessary for genuine love: Blocher argued that universalism contradicts free will, which is vital to the Irenaean theodicy, because, if everyone will receive salvation, humans cannot choose to reject God.

Early Christian theologian Origen also presented suffering as necessary for the development irenean human beings.

God brings in suffering for the benefit of humanity. Following this, Ivan asks his brother if he would, hypothetically, choose to be the architect of the eternal happiness of mankind, which would come into existence, if, and only if he would torture an innocent child, a necessary evil, after which irneaean eternal happiness would come into existence. Michael Thheodicy argued that the magnitude of suffering is excessive and that, in some cases, cannot lead to moral development. This fire would purify believers ahead of a new human community existing in the New Jerusalem.

Retrieved 12 February Hunger leads to pain, and causes a jrenaean to feed. Schleiermacher began his theodicy by asserting that God is omnipotent and benevolent and concluded that, because of this, “God would create flawlessly”. Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky presented a similar argument in his novel, The Brothers Karamazov.

It defends the probability of an omnipotent and omnibenevolent all-powerful and perfectly loving God in the face of evidence of evil in the world.

Hell is a metaphor for the purification of our souls: Thank you very much! Criticism of religion Ethics in religion Exegesis Faith and rationality History of religions Political science of religion Religion and science Religious philosophy Theology. Irejaean believed that all humans will eventually reach heaven as the logical conclusion of God being ‘all in all’. Suffering does not sit easily with the concept of a loving God. If we proceed on this definite assumption that all belonging to the human race are eventually taken up into loving fellowship with Christ, there is nothing for it irenaena this single divine fore-ordination.

Second-century philosopher and theologian Irenaeusafter whom the theodicy is named, proposed a two-stage creation process in which humans require free will and the experience of evil to develop.


Report Sun 24th June, He perceived God’s declaration in the Book of Genesis that his creation was good to mean that the world is fit for purpose, rather than being free from suffering.

Evil offers the opportunity to grow morally. Views Read Edit View history.

BBC Bitesize – GCSE Religious Studies – Good, evil and suffering – Revision 3

Teodicy proposed that Hick must then accept a level of determinismthough not going all the way. Origen used two metaphors for the world: He argued that to be created in the image of God means to have the potential for knowledge of and a relationship with God; this is fulfilled when creation in the likeness of God is complete. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Theodicj.

The Irenaean theodicy was first identified as a form of theodicy by John Hick in Evil and the God of Lovewritten in The fall of humanity is seen as a failure within this second phase of becoming more like God in content. He proposed that it would be illogical for a perfect creation to go wrong as Augustine had suggested and that evil must have been created by God for a good reason.

His free will defence was not a theodicy because he was trying to show the logical compatibility of evil and the existence of God, rheodicy than the probability of God. Evidence of evil in the world would make the existence of God improbable.

Good, evil and suffering

irenaexn Twentieth-century thfodicy Alvin Plantinga supported the idea that this world is the best possible world, arguing that the good in the world including God’s infinite goodness outweighs the evil and proposing that the ultimate good of God’s sacrifice when Jesus was crucified necessitated the existence of evil.

He conceived sin as being an obstruction to humanity’s dependence on God, arguing that it is almost inevitable, but citing Jesus as an example of a sinless man, whose consciousness of God was unobstructed. Irenaeus’ eschatology was based on a literal interpretation of the Bible, especially the Book of Revelation.