Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.

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Dixon was able to improve the method of diphone aj16 and assembly, but text-to-speech capability was not reached. Dixon, containing examples of sentence synthesis from the function generator, diphone words, and diphone sentences diphone spelling.

Diphones were synthesized initially in a meaningful word, but stylized for subsequent use in other allophonic roles by later modification of duration and intonation. Late in the year, additions to the function generator allowed the patterns to be sampled at millisecond intervals and punched into cards for entry into the IBM computer.

Synthesis using an improved diphone segment library and algorithms. Speech synthesis from manually pre- pared patterns of whole sentences, read by the function generator. Use of a separate analog synthesizer avoided the computer processing necessary to construct the speech wave, as complete simulations at that time were taking times real time on a large computer, an IBM One synthesizer per telephone line.

Truby coined the name “Diphone” for these segments. Dated Oct 30, to Jan 8, Synthesis was initially seen merely as a method of insuring smooth juncture between stored segments, impossible to do with prerecorded human speech segments.

Description and naming of diphones. Sufficient data has been included with this history to allow diphone synthesis to be reconstructed by simulation. The stored values could then be assembled by the computer in any specified order and the resulting values output to a digital tape. Note that the first two patterns have different F0 and F3 scales.


A partial control pattern and sound sample. IBM Confidential, declassified Jan. No record available of text-to-speech.

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The goal was a completely simulated text-to-speech system. Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation. Dixon, by then at the T. Byit had become apparent that familiarization with the synthetic material limited the research staff’s ability to make further improvements in the synthesis.

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Detailed description of TASS-III system with circuit transfer functions s-plane equationscalibration values, and a description of the sound room used for testing.

Notes on original function generator patterns. To solve that problem, formal ibmm tests were implemented, using naive listeners from a local university. Donated by IBM Corp. Human speech was manually edited to ibk portions of words or phrases into the fixed ms time slots. Aylsworth, “Some effects of list familiarity and synthetic au116 familiarity on the intelligibility of PB-words produced by diphone synthesis,” 70th meeting of the Acoust.

Word time slots of ms on a magnetic su16, words maximum, available to 48 telephone lines simultaneously. Diphone-assembly rules for Lib 4. This function generator design was believed to offer improvement in flexibility and ease-of-use over the previous designs for multi-channel function generators using conducting ink see SSSHP UK University College London.

This line of business developed into modern data processing. The techniques and recordings of the project will be summarized in the following three sections: Initial products ibk commercial scales, meat and cheese slicers, industrial time-recording equipment, tabulators, and punched cards.

Initial test material was a synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test CID W22, using phonetically-balanced words. Watson Research Center, speech synthesis Dir. Also, the function generator and synthesizer offered immediate response, whereas complete computer simulation would have required overnight processing. Test procedures and results of intelligibility tests using 64 words from telephone-intercept applications.


Research and Development, 8, Three-ring binder for 8. The long patterns required up to five photocopies, in which the photocopies overlap. One of these techniques was seen to be speech synthesis for ibk translators, reservation systems, office business systems, and aids for people with impaired vision. Words time compressed to either or ms.

Bim at the New York Stock Exchange. The speech synthesis project was terminated during because of insufficient commercial application to continue the funding. Analysis of the tests suggested which diphones needed to be improved, and which diphones were being confused. Formant synthesizer implemented with operational amplifiers and controlled by an on-line computer with graphic display.

Munster,Basel: Use of CID-W22 lists in intelli- gibility testing, effects of word and diphone familiarity, techniques of diphone synthesis, inm procedures, results. By it had become apparent that diphones created in isolation were too stressed when used within words and phrases. For that reason work during the years and addressed the use of diphones in multi-allophonic roles.

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Diphone-assembly logic starts on leaf 17 for 12 ai16. Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project. IBM’s use of online interactive processing with graphic displays took another decade to develop. The patterns were then taped to a transparent, endless mylar belt to be carried past a flying-spot scanner photos. Contours on the older photocopies have been darkened by hand for better reproduction.