Clin Chest Med. Mar;26(1) Pathophysiology of pneumonia. Alcón A( 1), Fàbregas N, Torres A. Author information: (1)Surgical Intensive Care Unit. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing. Bronchopneumonia: Characterized by patchy foci of consolidation (pus in many alveoli and adjacent air passages) scattered in one or Etiology/Pathogenesis.

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The setting in which pneumonia develops is important to treatment, [69] [70] as it correlates to which pathogens are likely suspects, [69] which mechanisms are likely, which antibiotics are likely to work or fail, [69] and which complications can be expected based on the person’s health status.

You may need to go to the hospital if your infection is severe and you meet any of the following criteria:. The New England Journal of Medicine. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3: The lower the number, the lower your oxygen level. Pneumonia Infectious diseases Respiratory and cardiovascular disorders pathophyskology to the perinatal period.

Testing pregnant women for Group B Streptococcus and Chlamydia trachomatisand administering antibiotic treatment, if needed, reduces rates of pneumonia in infants; [84] [85] preventive measures for HIV transmission from mother to child may also be efficient.

Retrieved 22 October Archived from the original on 20 February Treatment options for bronchopneumonia include both at-home treatments and medical treatments by prescription. Having certain medical conditions can increase pathopyhsiology risk for developing this type of pneumonia.


The organisms most commonly involved are Streptococcus pneumoniaeHaemophilus influenzaeand Klebsiella pneumoniae. Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis”. Archived from the original on 5 February Right lower lobe consolidation marked by arrow. Although the latter are no longer rare in CAP, [69] they are still less likely. The disease spreads easily through contact with respiratory fluids, and it causes regular….

Pneumonitis refers to lung inflammation ; pneumonia refers to pneumonitis, usually due to infection but sometimes non-infectious, that has the additional feature of pulmonary consolidation. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy.

Pathophysiology of pneumonia.

Attridge RT, et al. Be sure to get your annual flu shotas the flu can cause pneumonia. Lobar pneumonia – various images.

Fungal pneumonia is uncommon, but occurs more commonly in individuals with weakened immune systems due to Pathophysiolgoyimmunosuppressive drugsor other medical problems. Some people catch pneumonia during a hospital stay for another illness.

Learn more about which types can be contagious and how it’s spread. Textbook of pulmonary medicine 2nd ed. Make sure your child gets enough fluids and rest.

Bronchopneumonia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Vaccination prevents against certain bacterial and viral pneumonias both in children and adults. Your body usually prevents these bronchopneumoniz from infecting your lungs. Views Read View source View history.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia patuophysiology acquired in a hospitalspecifically, pneumonia that occurs 48 hours or more after admission, which was not incubating at the time of admission. In general, aspiration pneumonitis is treated conservatively with antibiotics indicated only for aspiration pneumonia. Contributed by Yuri Tachibana, M. Most people begin to feel better within three to five days after starting antibiotics.


Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem.

Journal of Family Practice. In severe cases, a child may require hospitalization to receive IV fluids, medication, oxygen, and respiratory therapy. Children and infants may display symptoms differently. The use of granulocyte colony stimulating factor G-CSF along with antibiotics does not appear to reduce mortality and routine use for treating pneumonia is not supported by evidence.

Archived from the original on 9 July Respiratory disease and its management. Acute and Critical Care Medicine at a Glance 2nd ed. The World Health Organization has defined pneumonia in children clinically based on either a cough or difficulty breathing and a rapid respiratory rate, chest indrawing, or a decreased level of consciousness.

Pneumonia – Wikipedia

Pneumonia has been a common disease throughout human history. In addition, a cough is frequently absent in children less than 2 months old. If your blood oxygen levels are low, you may receive oxygen therapy to help them return to normal.